Ghana has 16 regions now, but started with just 3 regions. Yes, we had Ashanti, Gold Coast Colony and Northern Territories by 1902.
1956: 4 regions- Ashanti, Gold Coast Colony, Northern Territories and Trans Volta Togoland.
1957: 5 regions- Ashanti (Kumasi), Eastern (Koforidua), Northern (Tamale), Trans-Volta Togoland (Ho), Western (Cape Coast).
1959: Ashanti region split into Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo regions.
1960: Northern region split into Northern and Upper regions.
1970: Western region split into Western (capital Sekondi) and Central (capital Cape Coast).
1971: Sekondi and Takoradi merged to form the twin city of Sekondi-Takoradi, the new capital of Western.
1982: Accra and Ada split from Eastern region to become Greater Accra (capital Accra).
1983: Upper region (capital Bolgatanga) split into Upper East and Upper West regions.
Now, Ghana has 16 regions: Upper West, North East, Upper East, Savannah, Northern, Bono East, Brong Ahafo, Oti, Ashanti, Ahafo, Eastern, Western, Western North, Central, Volta and Greater Accra.
Again, Ghana is in it’s 4th Republic. Here they are:
1st Republic- 1st July, 1960 and Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was president. It was overthrown by A.A. Afrifa on 24th February, 1966.
2nd Republic- 1st October, 1969 and the President was Dr. Abrefa Busia. It was overthrown by I.K Acheampong on 13th January, 1972.
3rd Republic- 24th September, 1972 and the President was Dr. Hilla Limann. It was overthrown by J.J. Rawlings on 31st December, 1981.
4th Republic- 7th January, 1993 and the President was J.J. Rawlings.
Currently, there are nine public universities in Ghana.
University of Ghana, legon
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi
University of Cape Coast , Cape Coast
University of Education , Winneba
University for Development Studies, Tamale
University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa
university of health and allied science, Ho
university of energy and natural resource, sunyani
university of professional studies, Accra
Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA)
Ghana Institute of Languages (GIL)
National Film and Television Institute (NAFTI)
Ghana Institute Of Journalism GIJ
NB: GIL, NAFTI and GIJ are not fully-fledged universities but degree awarding.
- Ghana has 43 Colleges of Education (CoE) now turned into degree-awarding University Colleges. The first CoE is Presbyterian College of Education-Akropong Akwapim (1848) and the last is Al-Faruq College of Education, Wenchi/Droboso (2017).
- Ghana has 10 polytechnics now turned into HND/degree-awarding Technical Universities.
- There are 872 SHSs. 575 are government-managed schools while 297 are private schools. Ashanti Region has the highest number of schools with 149 schools while Upper West has lowest with 30.
If you need a passionate and deep thinking counsellor on decisions and choices you are about to make in life, call/whatsapp Counsellor Daniel Fenyi on +233242937017.
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®Counsellor Daniel Fenyi